Fuelling a future on Europe's waterways
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看Norway, famous for its stunning fjords
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看and pristine environment,
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看a place where the future of energy
is not in the future any more.
Amid this tranquillity, a change is happening,
a change which may have an impact in countries
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看far beyond Norway.
Monday morning on the Mastrafjord ferry...
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看..a busy commuter route that's part of daily life
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看on the Stavanger Peninsula.
Two-million people use it to cross the Boknafjord each year.
This route is very important.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看It's the second largest route in the country,
so people need these boats to work.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看The ferry makes 42 crossings daily.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看Today, sea fog is restricting visibility.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看Captain Vik?ren must draw on all his skill
to make the crossing safely.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看When it's bad visibility,
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看the radar is the most important instrument.
You are steering
and you also keep an eye on the course and the speed.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看Because of the weather, there are a lot of challenges here.
I'm just turning the boat now to get a better angle for the waves,
so it gets much calmer in the boat.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看Below deck, the Mastrafjord is no ordinary ferry.
It's technically innovative.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看Powered by liquefied natural gas or LNG,
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看gas that has been cooled to -162 Celsius,
shrinking it 600 times
and liquefying it for easy transportation and storage.
There were built five prototypes of this kind of ferry
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看and it's a new technology.
It shows that the world is moving forward. It's a new step.
The ferry's powerful gas engines
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看are some of the cleanest afloat.
Ship's mechanic, Ulrik Kjerpeset,
and chief engineer, Rolf Nilsen,
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看keep them running smoothly.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看There you go.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看I started working here four years ago.
I didn't know so much about LNG.
I think it's very positive.
You don't have to change the oil.
It's so clean. It never gets black.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看It looks beautiful.
Tonight, Rolf and Ulrik will oversee the refuelling
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看of the Mastrafjord.
At a nearby storage plant,
LNG, destined for the ferry,
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看is being collected for delivery by truck.
Boats can also be refuelled
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看from another ship at sea or from a station on land.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看The Mastrafjord is on a tight schedule
and delivering LNG by truck offers the most flexibility.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看Gas car, are you ready?
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看Ulrik, are you ready?
The refuelling is a safe operation.
Rolf and Ulrik ensure everything runs according to plan.
Now you can open 354 and 352.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看Open 354 and 352.
Tank car, you now are open for the nitrogen.
as warm air contacts the freezing-cold pipes
that the LNG is pumped through.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看The refuelling process takes 90 minutes.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看Once complete, the Mastrafjord
has enough fuel to operate
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看for up to eight days.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看Traditional shipping emissions
tend to have a high sulphur concentration.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看From 2015, the EU will enforce strict new emissions limits
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看on air quality.
It's a change the Mastrafjord's owners, Fjord1,
are ready for.
We consider ourselves as a leader in the field of LNG.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看We have put in an operation,
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看the world's first LNG ferry,
and today we have 12 such ferries running.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看All in all, this is a step in the right direction
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看to find environmentally friendly transport solutions.
At the Shell Technology Centre in Amsterdam,
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看Tim Last tests and improves
the raw natural gas that's refined
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看to make the LNG product.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看Before we produce the LNG,
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看we have to remove all those components
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看like hydrogen sulphide or CO2.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看In Amsterdam we are trying to improve current processes
and to develop new processes for the future.
And part of my job is to help to improve the solvents we use
for cleaning up natural gas
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看coming out of the ground.
The solvents are necessary to make the process more efficient
and to make the gas cleaner,
because otherwise, it's not possible to liquefy the natural gas.
Tim and his team have been working for many years
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看to develop the refining process -
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看scientific research that's crucial to the success of LNG.
LNG as a transportation fuel
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看for the marine sector is going to be big.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看So we look at inland waterways,
we look at the Baltics, some of the coastal areas in the US.
These are the early adopters of tighter emissions controls
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看but over time, this will spread to more and more ports and routes,
and LNG is really one of the best ways
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看to cope with those emissions constraints.
The benefits of LNG
are making waves across commercial shipping.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看In the small fishing port of ?krehamn,
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看trawler men, J?rgen Runehall and Henrik Anderson,
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看are excited by what they've heard.
There are a lot of changes out there with fishing
and with sailing, we'll have to think more and more about the environment.
You see around here, the ferries are starting to use LNG,
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看the newest ones.
Not yet, we have the technology for the small ships, like we have,
but maybe bigger fishing ships do
and I think that's a step in the right direction.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看Treat the North Sea nicely,
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看so we can live on this fishing for many years.
LNG is not an immediate solution for J?rgen and Henrik
in their small fishing boats,
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看but it is already a reality today
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看with lots more potential.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看The future of LNG as a transportation fuel
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看is not restricted to marine.
It's going to be used in road transportation, mining and in rail,
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看anywhere where fuel consumption is high
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看and they're looking for emissions control.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看In order to be the world's most competitive
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看and innovative energy company,
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看it's vital for us to be at the forefront of new technologies.
The need for energy is increasing.
偷拍自怕亚洲视频在线观看In order to preserve our unique environment,
the world needs smart and effective solutions.
LNG is an important part of this journey.?